Iron Triangles (Political Science)

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  • Closed, mutually supportive groups having jurisdiction over a particular area of government policy. The cohesion of iron triangles allows them to dominate policy making in their areas of interest. Iron triangles, typically, comprise three elements, each located on one tip of the triangle model. On the lower left tip are interest groups, also known as constituencies, comprising members who share a common interest and can influence congressional votes by guaranteeing reelection of congressional members in return for supporting their programs. On the lower right corner are bureaucrats, who are often pressurized by the interest groups their agencies are designated to regulate. At the top are usually Congress, but sometimes House, committee or subcommittee members, who are responsible for oversight and regulation of policy. Congressional members ...

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