Information-Processing Model (Psychology)

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  • A theory of human cognition and memory, using the metaphor of a computer. The information-processing model assumes that people actively process information based on three stages: (1) encoding, (2) storage, and (3) retrieval. During the encoding stage, stimuli are taken in via sensory registers. This process is similar to input into the computer. During the storage phase, information retained in working memory may be transferred into long-term memory. This stage is similar to storing files on a hard drive. Finally, if the stored information is required, it is retrieved from long-term memory back into working memory. This process can be likened to retrieving stored files in order to create an output. Initially, the stages of the model were conceptualized as linear and sequential, reflecting either ...

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