Individual Differences

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  • How individuals differ in traits such as skills, aptitudes, and abilities to learn and perform. Learners may vary in their personalities, motivations, and attributions for their successes and failures when learning—all of which may affect how and why they learn. Additionally, they differ in their preferences for learning and their willingness to learn. Some traits may be more adaptive, whereas others are stable and less malleable, or resistant to change, especially as an individual matures to adulthood. Examples of stable traits are gender, culture, and race. Even education and age are considered as stable traits. Traits that may be more malleable, or adaptive, could include effort and attributions of success and failure, among others. Individual differences may be considered in making the learning environment educationally ...

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