House of Representatives

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  • One of the two legislative chambers created through Article I of the U.S. Constitution. The House of Representatives, which comprises Congress, was created to set checks on the Senate. The House is granted the power to initiate bills to impose taxes, impeach officials, elect the President in electoral college deadlocks, and authorize the expenditure of federal funds.

    In 1911, Congress fixed the size of the House of Representatives at 435 seats. House members are elected every two years from the 50 states. Under Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution, seats in the House of Representatives are determined in each state based on the size of the population in the state, which is determined by the census every 10 years. The number of members is not ...

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