Hoover, J. Edgar

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  • The director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from 1924 until his death in 1972. As director, Hoover was highly regarded as the man responsible for the growth and reform of the organization, due in no small part to his publicizing of the FBI's success in the capture of several well-known fugitives. After World War II, Hoover received authorization to investigate Communist activities, particularly foreign espionage in the United States. Hoover was also criticized for his surveillance and information-gathering methods, often considered an abuse of his authority, which involved illegal wiretaps and burglaries and which were alleged to inform threats to politicians. In particular, Hoover was criticized for his focus on surveillance of those he considered political radicals, including left-wing dissenters, such as ...

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