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  • A collection of people who share characteristics, interact with each other, work well together, and share to a degree some common ideas and identity. Society is an example of a group. A group usually has some cohesion and some form of ties, whether strong or loose. The German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies (1855–1936) made one of the earliest contributions to the study of groups with his concepts of Gemeinschaft (small, closely knit communities based on family ties, friendship, and a strongly shared value system) and Gesellschaft (large, formal communities with weak ties and little consensus). There are various types of groups. Primary groups consist of small groups with kin-based relationships, such as a family. Secondary groups are large groups whose relationships are more formal. An example ...

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