Glial Cells

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  • Cells that provide physical support for neurons and, therefore, structure for the brain. They are important in the manufacture of myelin sheathing, pro vision of nutrition, and destruction of pathogens and removal of dead neurons. In the human brain, glia are estimated to outnumber neurons by about 10 to 1. The most abundant type of glial cells are astrocytes, which are thought to be involved in the blood-brain barrier. Myelin sheaths are formed by another important glial cell, called the oligodendrocyte.

    10.4135/9781412972024.n1107

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