Gestalt Theory

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  • A psychological theory that focuses on the brain's perceptive processes and proposes a holistic approach to cognitive processing. Gestalt theorists follow the assumption that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Therefore, a behavioral, psychological, or physiological experience cannot be reduced to separate events without the risk of losing the meaning of the whole percept. The parts may represent a different relationship when considered outside the whole, but when combined, the parts form a greater meaning. Gestalt theory was a response to the theory of atomism that proposed that parts of an element were as significant as its entirety. Atomistic theorists believed that experiences were absolute, regardless of their context. According to the Gestaltists, it is a dynamic interaction of individuals and ...

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