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  • The intentional rearrangement of electoral boundaries to give a particular political party an advantage in the outcome of elections by minimizing the electoral impact of an opponent's supporters. This is accomplished by either concentrating the opponent's supporters in a small number of districts or spreading them across many electoral districts so that they will be the minority. Gerrymandering is also known as reapportionment and redistricting. The term gerrymandering originated from Elbridge Gerry, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and the fifth vice president of the United States, in 1813. In 1811, he became the governor of Massachusetts. His administration was known for dividing electoral districts for political advantage.


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