Gender Differences

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  • Distinctions in attitude, behavior, conversational habits, perception, and physical and intellectual skills between men and women, whether innate or socially constructed. Studies and literature concerning the validity and veracity of gender differences came into prominence during the Women's Movement of the late 1960s. Prior to that, the social philosophers Mary Wollstonecraft and John Stuart Mill had challenged assumptions about gender prevalent in late-18th-century and early-19th-century England, when the Industrial Revolution brought about distinct places in the work place and home for men and women, respectively.

    Writing in the late 1980s, Cynthia Fuchs Epstein reviewed literature concerning gender differentiation and noted that while sociological studies prior to the Women's Movement had been biased against women and based on unchallenged assumptions, studies conducted during the new wave of ...

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