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  • Loss of memory, which can occur in several forms. Retrograde amnesia describes the loss of memories of past events, while anterograde amnesia is the loss or impairment of the ability to encode or store new memories. Childhood amnesia (or infantile amnesia) describes the usual occurrence of amnesia during early infancy and childhood, typically before the age of three, and is currently explained by the advent of language, which renders previously stored information inaccessible to the language-based memory. Physical causes for amnesia include head trauma, degenerative brain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, blockage of blood vessels to the brain, chronic infections, or alcoholism. Usually, performance on recall tasks is more affected by forms of amnesia than performance on recognition tasks, which in themselves provide a retrieval ...

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