Feminine/Masculine Culture

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  • One of the five cultural dimensions developed by the Dutch organizational anthropologist Geert Hofstede and used in intercultural training. According to Hofstede, nations can be categorized (and assigned a score) as either pre dominantly masculine or feminine based on a variety of national sociocultural characteristics. Masculine characteristics include a preference for achievement, competitiveness, heroism, and assertiveness. Feminine characteristics include modesty, equality, unity, empathy, and the use of negotiation and compromise in conflict resolution. The strongest indicator of a masculine country, however, is the size of the gender gap: The gap is significantly larger in masculine countries than in feminine ones. A feminine culture exhibits less differen tiation between the genders, and equality is more prevalent.

    With regard to interpersonal communication, in a masculine culture, where sex ...

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