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  • An ideology that includes historical, cultural, and political facets or secondary references. As a political ideology, it represents an extreme right-wing ideology that stresses the subordination of individuals' interests to the interests of the state and the nation. It includes ideologies troubled with fears of cultural decline and social disorder. From this perspective, a fascist regime often stresses notions of racial superiority (often white supremacy), and it seeks to exorcise society's “internal enemies” menacing the unity of the nation. One of the prime examples of a fascist regime has been in Italy under Benito Mussolini (1883–1945).

    Contemporary theorists find fascism difficult to define, partly because fascist ideology has varied widely. Among fascist states of the 1920s and 1930s, there were, however, certain common features, organizational strategies, ...

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