Health Belief Model

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  • What does it take for people to act to protect themselves from illness? This is the fundamental question posed by the framers of the health belief model (HBM), and which has continued to be addressed by researchers over the past five decades in the disciplines of public health, health psychology, and health education.

    Background. The HBM was originally developed by Godfrey Hochbaum and other research psychologists in the U.S. Public Health Service in the early 1950s as they sought to apply the theories and methods of behavioral science to understanding and predicting health behavior. The original work in this area grew out of an attempt to understand the limited utilization of public health programs for disease prevention and screening (including tuberculosis screening). Hochbaum and ...

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    • AIDS and HIV: Adherence to Medications in Persons With HIV Infection
    • Adoption of Health Behavior
    • Acculturation and Health
    • AIDS and HIV: Stress
    • AIDS and HIV: Prevention of HIV Infection
    • Acculturation and Health
    • Center for the Advancement of Health
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • African American Health and Behavior
    • Blood Pressure, Hypertension, and Stress
    • Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
    • African American Health and Behavior
    • Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
    • Alcohol Abuse and Dependence: Treatment
    • Anger: Measurement
    • Allostatis, Allostatic Load, and Stress
    • AIDS and HIV
    • Allostatis, Allostatic Load, and Stress
    • Cancer and Diet
    • Asian American/Pacific Islander Health and Behavior
    • Genetic Testing: Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects
    • Health and Behavior Organizations
    • Church-Based Interventions
    • Cancer and Physical Activity
    • Anger and Heart Disease
    • Alameda County Study
    • Anger: Measurement
    • Anxiety: Its Meaning and Measurement
    • Applied Behavior Analysis
    • Anxiety: Its Meaning and Measurement
    • Alzheimer's Disease: Psychosocial Aspects for Caregivers
    • Anger and Hypertension
    • Cancer Prevention
    • Community Coalitions
    • Health Care Service Utilization: Determinants
    • Health Literacy
    • Crowding and Health
    • Cancer Screening
    • Anger: Measurement
    • Anger and Heart Disease
    • Behavioral Genetics and Health
    • Arthritis: Behavioral Treatment
    • Asthma: Behavioral Treatment
    • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
    • Anger and Hypertension
    • Anxiety, Heart Disease, and Mortality
    • Cancer and Smoking
    • Cultural Factors and Health
    • Health Psychology
    • Medical Psychology
    • Discrimination and Health
    • Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Community-Level Interventions
    • Asthma and Stress
    • Anxiety, Heart Disease, and Mortality
    • Blood Pressure and Hypertension: Measurement
    • Biofeedback
    • Blood Pressure and Hypertension: Measurement
    • Cardiovascular Psychophysiology: Measures
    • Arthritis: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Autoimmune Disorders: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Child Abuse, Child Neglect, and Health
    • Ecological Models: Application to Physical Activity
    • National Institutes of Health: Health and Behavior Research
    • Research to Practice in Health and Behavior
    • Ecosocial Theory
    • Church-Based Interventions
    • Behavioral Genetics and Health
    • Asian American/Pacific Islander Health and Behavior
    • Caregiving and Stress
    • Blood Pressure and Hypertension: Physical Activity
    • Bulimia Nervosa: Treatment
    • Community-Based Participatory Research
    • Asthma and Stress
    • Blood Pressure, Hypertension, and Stress
    • Community Coalitions
    • Health Disparities
    • Immigrant Populations and Health
    • Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    • Cardiovascular Psychophysiology: Measures
    • Autoimmune Disorders: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Confounding
    • Cancer: Psychosocial Treatment
    • Cancer Screening
    • Cost-Effectiveness
    • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
    • Cardiovascular Reactivity
    • Diffusion of Innovation
    • Income Inequality and Health
    • Latino Health and Behavior
    • Drug Abuse: Prevention
    • Caregiving and Stress
    • Bereavement and Health
    • Crowding and Health
    • Cardiac Rehabilitation
    • Cardiovascular Psychophysiology: Measures
    • Cultural Factors and Health
    • Binge Drinking in College Students
    • Cerebrovascular Disease: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Ecological Models: Application to Physical Activity
    • Neighborhood Effects on Health and Behavior
    • Social Marketing
    • Evidence-Based Behavioral Medicine
    • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Bogalusa Heart Study
    • Depression: Measurement
    • Cardiovascular Reactivity
    • Chronic Disease Management
    • Diffusion of Innovation
    • Cancer and Diet
    • Chronic Illness: Psychological Aspects
    • Expressive Writing and Health
    • Social Integration, Social Networks, and Health
    • Social or Status Incongruence
    • Five a Day—for Better Health! Program
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Psychosocial Aspects and Behavioral Treatments
    • Cancer and Physical Activity
    • Discrimination and Health
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Psychosocial Aspects and Behavioral Treatments
    • Chronic Pain Management
    • Doctor-Patient Communication
    • Cancer Prevention
    • Community-Based Participatory Research
    • Health Care Costs and Behavior
    • Socioeconomic Status and Health
    • Support Groups and Health
    • Health Communication
    • Comorbid Mental and Other Physical Disorders
    • Cancer and Smoking
    • Ecological Models: Application to Physical Activity
    • Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    • Depression: Measurement
    • Ecological Momentary Assessment
    • Caregiving and Stress
    • Control and Health
    • Health Literacy
    • Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
    • Depression: Mortality and Other Adverse Outcomes
    • Cerebrovascular Disease: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Ecosocial Theory
    • Depression: Treatment
    • Diabetes: Behavioral Treatment
    • Effect Modification
    • Child Abuse, Child Neglect, and Health
    • Diabetes: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Heart Disease and Diet
    • Heart Disease and Physical Activity
    • Drug Craving
    • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Effort-Reward Imbalance
    • Doctor-Patient Communication
    • Drug Abuse: Behavioral Treatment
    • Endogenous Opioids, Stress, and Health
    • Chronic Illness: Psychological Aspects
    • Emotions: Negative Emotions and Health
    • Heart Disease and Reactivity
    • Heart Disease and Smoking
    • Emotions: Positive Emotions and Health
    • Cognitive Function and Health
    • Erectile Dysfunction
    • Eating Disorders
    • Ecological Momentary Assessment
    • Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Biobehavioral Aspects
    • Comorbid Mental and Other Physical Disorders
    • Endogenous Opioids, Stress, and Health
    • Heart Disease and Type A Behavior
    • Hopelessness and Health
    • Erectile Dysfunction
    • Control and Health
    • Fundamental Social Causes of Disease and Mortality
    • Evidence-Based Behavioral Medicine
    • Expressive Writing and Health
    • Gastric Ulcers and Stress
    • Crowding and Health
    • Explanatory Style and Physical Health
    • Hostility and Health
    • Injury Prevention in Children
    • Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Biobehavioral Aspects
    • Cultural Factors and Health
    • Gate Control Theory of Pain
    • Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment
    • Genetic Testing: Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects
    • General Adaptation Syndrome
    • Depression: Mortality and Other Adverse Outcomes
    • Gastric Ulcers and Stress
    • National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)
    • Obesity: Causes and Consequences
    • General Adaptation Syndrome
    • Diabetes: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Genetic Testing: Ethical, Legal, and Social Aspects
    • Headaches: Psychological Management
    • Health Care Costs and Behavior
    • Health Belief Model
    • Disasters and Health
    • Heart Disease: Anger, Depression, and Anxiety
    • Obesity in Children: Physical Activity and Nutritional Approaches
    • Obesity in Children: Prevention
    • Hostility: Psychophysiology
    • Discrimination and Health
    • Health Communication
    • Health Care Service Utilization: Determinants
    • Health Communication
    • Hostility: Measurement
    • Divorce and Health
    • Immune Responses to Stress
    • Obesity: Prevention and Treatment
    • Occupational Health and Safety
    • Infertility and Assisted Reproduction: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Eating Disorders
    • Immune Responses to Stress
    • Hostility: Measurement
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Psychological Treatment
    • Income Inequality and Health
    • Effect Modification
    • Lipids: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Physical Activity and Health
    • Physical Activity: Interventions
    • Metabolic Syndrome and Stress
    • Emotions: Negative Emotions and Health
    • Key Informants
    • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI/MMPI-2)
    • Motivational Interviewing
    • Metabolic Syndrome and Stress
    • Emotions: Positive Emotions and Health
    • Obesity: Causes and Consequences
    • Physical Activity and Mood
    • Pregnancy Prevention in Adolescents
    • Pain: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Endogenous Opioids, Stress, and Health
    • Multilevel Methods, Theory, and Analysis
    • National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)
    • Obesity in Children: Physical Activity and Nutritional Approaches
    • Optimism and Pessimism: Measurement
    • Explanatory Style and Physical Health
    • Peptic Ulcers and Stress
    • School-Based Health Promotion
    • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Prevention
    • Placebos and Health
    • Framingham Heart Study
    • Participatory Research
    • Obesity: Prevention and Treatment
    • Optimism and Pessimism: Measurement
    • Peptic Ulcers and Stress
    • Fundamental Social Causes of Disease and Mortality
    • Psychoneuroimmunology
    • Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Among Youth
    • Support Groups and Health
    • Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
    • Gastric Ulcers and Stress
    • Psychoneuroimmunology
    • Physical Activity Interventions
    • Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
    • Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
    • Gender Differences in Health
    • Stress: Biological Aspects
    • Tailored Communications
    • Violence Prevention
    • Vital Exhaustion
    • Happiness and Health
    • Quality of Life: Measurement
    • Quality of Life: Measurement
    • Raynaud's Disease: Behavioral Treatment
    • Repressive Coping and Health
    • Hardiness and Health
    • Wound Healing and Stress
    • Worksite Health Promotion
    • Harvard Alumni Health Study
    • Self-Efficacy
    • Sleep Disorders: Behavioral Treatment
    • Smoking and Nicotine Dependence: Interventions
    • Smoking and Nicotine Dependence
    • Health Care Costs and Behavior
    • Health Care Service Utilization: Determinants
    • Social Capital and Health
    • Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Among Youth
    • Support Groups and Health
    • Social Marketing
    • Health Disparities
    • Health Literacy
    • Social or Status Incongruence
    • Tailored Communications
    • Stress, Appraisal, and Coping
    • Heart Disease: Anger, Depression, and Anxiety
    • Heart Disease and Diet
    • Stress: Biological Aspects
    • Stress-Buffering Hypothesis
    • Heart Disease and Physical Activity
    • Heart Disease and Reactivity
    • Successful Aging
    • Television Viewing and Health
    • Heart Disease and Smoking
    • Heart Disease and Type A Behavior
    • Theory of Planned Behavior
    • Theory of Reasoned Action
    • Hopelessness and Health
    • Hostility and Health
    • Theory of Triadic Influence
    • Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change
    • Immigrant Populations and Health
    • Income Inequality and Health
    • Vital Exhaustion
    • Wound Healing and Stress
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Job Strain and Health
    • John Henryism and Health
    • Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study
    • Latino Health and Behavior
    • Loneliness and Health
    • Low Birth Weight: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT)
    • Multiple Sclerosis: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Neighborhood Effects on Health and Behavior
    • Obesity: Causes and Consequences
    • Obesity in Children: Physical Activity and Nutritional Approaches
    • Obesity in Children: Prevention
    • Occupational Health and Safety
    • Optimism, Pessimism, and Health
    • Physical Activity and Health
    • Physical Activity and Mood
    • Placebos and Health
    • Pregnancy Outcomes: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Repressive Coping and Health
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Self-Reported Health
    • Sickle Cell Disease: Psychosocial Aspects
    • Smoking and Health
    • Social Capital and Health
    • Social Integration, Social Networks, and Health
    • Socioeconomic Status and Health
    • Spirituality and Health
    • Stress-Related Growth
    • Successful Aging
    • Television Viewing and Health
    • Women's Health Issues
    • Work-Related Stress and Health
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