Previous Chapter Chapter 76: Economics and Religion Next Chapter

Carmel U. Chiswick

In: 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 76: Economics and Religion

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Economics and Religion
Economics and religion

The last two decades of the twentieth century saw an explosion of empirical as well as theoretical research into the relationship between religion and economic behavior. For the most part, this research ignores theological differences, focusing instead on behavioral differences associated with different religious identities. The causation runs both ways: Some studies analyze the effects of religious identity on various economic activities, and others analyze the effects of economic incentives on religious observances and institutions. Both of these lines of research have yielded strong results and have dramatically affected our understanding of the relationship between economics and religion. Prices and incomes are powerful incentives that invariably influence the actions of individuals, and the human capacity for creative rationalization contributes to ...

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