• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance.Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is a must-have reference resource.Key FeaturesProvides highly readable summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics, helpful for students trying to get a "big picture" sense of the fieldIncludes introductions to relevant theory as well as empirical evidence, useful ...

Monetary Policy and Inflation Targeting
Monetary policy and inflation targeting

Inflation targeting (IT) is a framework for the conduct of monetary policy, under which the monetary authority announces a medium- or long-run inflation target and then uses all available information to set its policy instrument, the short-term nominal interest rate, so that this target is met. Short-lived deviations from the inflationary target may be acceptable, especially when there may be a short-run trade-off between meeting the target and another welfare consideration, for example, the output gap—the difference between actual and potential output. Hence, although the central bank commits to meeting a certain inflationary target, in practice, IT takes a less rigid form, with the central bank exercising some discretion over the path of actual inflation toward ...

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