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Christopher J. Niggle

In: 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 30: Macroeconomic Models

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Macroeconomic Models
Macroeconomic models

The term macroeconomics refers to study of the behavior of an economy as a whole or as a system; the phenomena explained are (1) the short-run level of economic activity—the levels of national output, income, and employment; (2) the causes of short-run fluctuation in economic activity (business cycles); and (3) the long-run growth rate of an economy. This chapter focuses on the first two aspects of macroeconomics. The models are presented in an approximate chronological order; the chapter's organizing theme is that modern macro-economic models can be seen as based on one of two competing “visions” of the economy: (1) The economy is seen as stable, with strong market forces pushing it toward an equilibrium level consistent with full employment of labor and ...

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