One of the central questions in financial economics is how to assign a correct value to an asset that provides a stream of uncertain future cash flows. At the most general level, the solution is simple: The price of the asset today equals the expected discounted value of its future payoffs. This discounting—the assignment of a (usually) lower present value to future cash flows—reflects the time and risk dimensions of the payoffs offered by the asset. First, most investors value a dollar received today more than they value a dollar received tomorrow. Consequently, they are willing to pay less than one dollar today for a dollar that they will receive in the future. This is the time dimension of asset ...
Asset Pricing Models
Asset pricing models