• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance.Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is a must-have reference resource.Key FeaturesProvides highly readable summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics, helpful for students trying to get a "big picture" sense of the fieldIncludes introductions to relevant theory as well as empirical evidence, useful ...

Imperfectly Competitive Product Markets
Imperfectly competitive product markets

Any introductory course in microeconomics spends a considerable amount of time examining perfectly competitive markets. It is important to understand this model; it serves as a benchmark for examining other industry structures and the welfare consequences of moving away from perfect competition. However, it is also important to look at imperfectly competitive output markets—markets in which products are not perfectly homogeneous or in which there are only a few sellers. While the perfectly competitive model assumes a large number of buyers and sellers, each of which is a price taker, the monopoly model assumes the opposite: one seller with complete control over price. Structurally, most markets are neither perfectly competitive nor monopolistic; they fall somewhere in between these ...

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