- Subject index
Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density.Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.
Chapter 85: Folk Concepts
Anthropology is strongly concerned with conceptual analysis in that a large part of its purpose is to penetrate and interpret cultural meanings. Unlike philosophy and psychology, both of which devote considerable attention to theories and techniques for studying concepts (which may be defined as “units of thought”), anthropology's approach to concepts stresses cultural particularities or contingencies rather than universals. Anthropology's distinct contribution to conceptual analysis lies in its method of eliciting concepts and meanings from people through participant-observation, which ideally involves extended and fully committed absorption into their community, during which the anthropologist not only conducts formal interviews but also aims to learn a culture at a personal level by observing and participating in community life.
This methodology, along with anthropology's intellectual heritage ...