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Belete K. Mebratu

In: 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 69: Africa: Past and Present

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Africa: Past and Present
Africa: Past and present

This chapter presents the study of Africa from historical and contemporary perspectives and considers its future prospects. It discusses Africa as the origin of humankind, where prehistoric and modern human societies have lived since the remote past. The chapter throws light on the ancient civilizations of Africa and African kingdoms. It outlines briefly the history of European contacts with Africa, first through exploration, then trade, and recently in the form of colonization. Other topics of interest in African studies are also part of this chapter, including the peoples, landscapes, regions, and countries of the continent, as well as the independence movement, postcolonial Africa, disillusionment, and modern challenges, hopes, and prospects. It ends with a summary and conclusion and ...

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