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Andrea Patricia Birkby

In: 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 64: Primate Extinction and Conservation

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Primate Extinction and Conservation
Primate extinction and conservation

Nonhuman primates offer tremendous value for many different reasons. Being humankind's closest living relatives, they can teach us a great deal about ourselves in terms of understanding our own cognitive abilities including behavior, health, language and development, and, importantly, evolution. They also play a significant role in habitat biodiversity, which is of tremendous importance to overall health of the world's fragile ecosystem. In terms of biological diversity, primates are both seed dispersers and seed predators, occupying specific niches throughout tropical rain forests. Some of the world's richest and most diverse ecosystems also have the largest and most diverse primate populations.

The Issue

Many primates live in tropical, developing countries and compete with humans for valuable resources, such as food and ...

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