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David Alexander Lukaszek

In: 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 62: Primate Locomotion

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Primate Locomotion
Primate locomotion

The family of primates, ranging from 13 to 16 separate families, includes over 200 individual species. Within these grouped species is our own species, Homo sapiens. In terms of primate locomotion, expressed forms of locomotion include various forms of quadrupedalism, tripedalism, vertical climbing, leaping, tail swinging, suspensory, and bipedalism, as discussed in John Fleagle's 1998 book Primate Adaptation and Evolution (see also Hunt et al., 1996). Bipedalism is a remarkable form of locomotion. Though many nonhuman primates occasionally use a form of bipedalism, humans are the only primate species that uses a distinct and obligate form of bipedalism as a primary form of locomotion.

Similarities among nonhuman primates, particularly the great apes and the human primate in terms of morphological, physiological, and social ...

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