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Chang-Ho C. Ji

In: 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 10: Excavation and Preservation

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Excavation and Preservation
Excavation and preservation

Excavation and survey are central topics in archaeology, and they constitute the main if not the only way in which the discipline of archaeology collects new data (Roskams, 2001). Our objectives in this chapter are to explore the development of modern archaeological fieldwork and to project a picture of the discipline's future. To this end, this chapter is structured in the following manner. First, we review the historical development of archaeological excavation and survey. Subsequently, we explain the organization of typical excavation and survey projects and their activities in the field. Third, we focus on specifying core claims and criticisms pertaining to processual archaeology and its response to the challenges. Fourth, we suggest an integrated paradigm approach to excavation and ...

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