Corpus Linguistics

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Edited by: Douglas Biber & Randi Reppen

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    • Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd |
    • Publication Year: 2012 |
    • Online Publication Date: January 15, 2013 |
    • DOI: 10.4135/9781446261217 |
    • Print ISBN: 9780857029645 |
    • Online ISBN: 9781446261217 |
    • Series: SAGE Benchmarks in Language and Linguistics |
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Abstract

Corpus linguistics is a research approach to investigate the patterns of language use empirically, based on analysis of large collections of natural texts. While corpus-based analysis has had relatively little influence on theoretical linguistics, it has revolutionized the study of language variation and use: what speakers and writers actually do with the lexical and grammatical resources of a language. Corpus-based research employs the research methods of quantitative and qualitative social science to investigate language use patterns empirically.

This four-volume collection is organized around linguistic research questions that can be investigated from a corpus perspective and includes amongst others studies of individual words, comparisons of supposedly synonymous words, studies of grammatical variation, and sociolinguistic studies of dialects, registers, styles, and world varieties. Corpus-based analysis has also proven ...

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  • Editors' Introduction: Corpus Linguistics

    DouglasBiber and RandiReppen

    1. Introduction

    Corpus linguistics is a research approach that has developed over the past several decades to support empirical investigations of language variation and use, resulting in research findings that have much greater generalizability and validity than would otherwise be feasible. Corpus linguistics is not in itself a model of language. Rather, it can be regarded as primarily a methodological approach:

    • it is empirical, analyzing the actual patterns of use in natural texts;
    • it utilizes a large and principled collection of natural texts, known as a “corpus,” as the basis for analysis;
    • it makes extensive use of computers for analysis, employing both automatic and interactive techniques;
    • it depends on both quantitative and qualitative analytical techniques.
    (Biber, Conrad & Reppen, 1998: 4)

    At the same time, corpus ...

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