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Argentine Republic
República Argentina

Note: Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (Justicialist Party-Victory Front) was reelected for a second four-year term with 54 percent of the vote in multiparty presidential elections on October 23, 2011. Her vice presidential running mate was Amado Boudou (Victory Front). In concurrent legislative elections for 130 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 24 seats in the Senate, the Victory Front won enough seats to gain control in both houses.

Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed 1816; under military regimes 1966–1973 and 1976–1983; current constitution adopted August 22, 1994.

Area: 1,068,013 sq. mi. (2,766,889 sq. km.), excluding territory claimed in Antarctica and the South Atlantic.

Population: 42,190,917 (2012E—UN); 42,192,494 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): BUENOS AIRES (12,704,000), Córdoba (1,315,000), Rosario (908,000), La Plata (581,000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Peso ...

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