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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Note: Elections in Jersey (Channel Islands) are scheduled for October 19, 2011; in the Isle of Man for September 29; in the British Virgin Islands for November 7; and in Gibraltar for November 8.
Political Status: Constitutional monarchy, under democratic parliamentary regime.
Area: 94,249 sq. mi. (244,104 sq. km.), embracing England and Wales, 58,382 sq. mi. (151,209 sq. km.); Scotland, 30,415 sq. mi. (78,775 sq. km.); Northern Ireland, 5,452 sq. mi. (14,120 sq. km.).
Population: 65,751,988 (2012E—UN); 63,047,162 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): England: LONDON (urban area, 7,396,000), Birmingham (971,000), Liverpool (464,000), Leeds (451,000), Sheffield (443,000), Bristol (426,000), Manchester (390,000); Wales: CARDIFF (300,000); Scotland: EDINBURGH (442,000), Glasgow (619,000); Northern Ireland: BELFAST (276,000).
Principal Language: English (Scottish and Irish forms of Gaelic are ...