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Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Prajatantrika Samajawadi Janarajaya (Sinhala)
Llankais Sananayaka Socialisak Kutiyarasa (Tamil)
Political Status: Independent since February 4, 1948; present constitution adopted on August 6, 1978, effective September 7.
Area: 25,332 sq. mi. (65,610 sq. km.).
Population: 21,553,031 (2012E—UN); 21,481,334 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): SRI JAYEWARDENEPURA (Kotte, administrative capital, 119,000), Colombo (Kolamba, commercial capital, 650,000), Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (219,000), Jaffna (154,000), Kandy (Maha Nuwara, 111,000).
Official Languages: Sinhala, Tamil. English is recognized as a link language.
Monetary Unit: Rupee (market rate October 3, 2011: 110.25 rupees = $1US).
President: Mahinda RAJAPAKSE (United People's Freedom Alliance); elected president on November 17, 2005, and sworn in November 19 for a six-year term, succeeding Chandrika Bandaranaike [Page 1346]KUMARATUNGA (United People's Freedom Alliance); reelected on January 26, 2010.
Prime Minister: Disanayaka Mudiyanselage JAYARATNE ...