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Republic of San Marino
Repubblica di San Marino
Political Status: Independent republic dating from the early Middle Ages; under multiparty parliamentary regime.
Area: 23.6 sq. mi. (61 sq. km.).
Population: 32,140 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): SAN MARINO (4,800).
Official Language: Italian.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 3, 2011: 1 euro = $1.33US).
Captains Regent: Matteo FLORINI (Popular Alliance) and Gabrielle GATTI (San Marino Christian Democratic Party); elected on September 14, 2011, and inaugurated for a six-month term on October 1 to succeed Maria Luisa BERTI (We Sammarinese) and Filippo TAMAGNINI (San Marino Christian Democratic Party). (Captains regent are elected every six months, and the next election was scheduled for March 2012.)
An enclave within the Italian province of Emilia-Romagna, San Marino is the world's oldest and second-smallest republic (after Nauru). ...