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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal
Political Status: Independent monarchy established 1769; limited constitutional system promulgated December 16, 1962; constitutional monarchy proclaimed under constitution of November 9, 1990; interim constitution promulgated January 15, 2007, changing country's official name from Kingdom of Nepal to State of Nepal; monarchy formally ended and federal democratic republic proclaimed May 28, 2008, by a Constituent Assembly.
Area: 54,362 sq. mi. (140,797 sq. km.).
Population: 31,164,915 (2012E—UN); 29,890,686 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): KATHMANDU (804,000).
Official Language: Nepali.
Monetary Unit: Nepalese Rupee (market rate October 3, 2011: 78.65 rupees = $1US).
President: Ram Baran YADAV (Nepali Congress); elected by the Constituent Assembly on July 21, 2008, and sworn in on July 23, following the abolition of the monarchy on May 28, and the abdication of ...