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Principality of Monaco
Principauté de Monaco
Political Status: Independent principality founded in the 13th century; constitutional monarchy since 1911; present constitution promulgated December 17, 1962 (amended in April 2002).
Area: 0.70 sq. mi. (1.81 sq. km.).
Population: 30,510 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): MONACO—VILLE (1,100).
Official Language: French.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 3, 2011: 1 euro = $1.33US). Although not a member of the European Union (EU), Monaco was authorized by the EU to adopt the euro as its official currency and mint a limited supply of Monégasque euro coins.
Sovereign: Prince ALBERT II; acceded to the throne April 6, 2005, following the death of his father, Prince RAINIER III; formally installed in two-part process on July 12 and November 19, 2005.
Heiress Presumptive: Princess CAROLINE Louise Marguerite Grimaldi, elder sister ...