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Republic of Lithuania
Political Status: Independence from Russia declared February 16, 1918; absorption of independent state by the Soviet Union on August 3, 1940, repudiated on March 11, 1990, by the Lithuanian Supreme Council; independence recognized by the USSR State Council on September 6, 1991; current constitution approved by referendum of October 25, 1992.
Area: 25,174 sq. mi. (65,200 sq. km.).
Population: 3,423,403 (2012E—UN); 3,525,761 (2012E—U.S.Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): VILNIUS (541,000), Kaunas (364,000), Klaipėda (188,000), Šiauliai (130,000), Panevėžys (116,000).
Official Language: Lithuanian.
Monetary Unit: Litas (official rate October 3, 2011: 2.60 litai = $1US). The litas was pegged to the euro as of February 2, 2002. Lithuania joined the European Union in 2004, although the target date for adopting the euro has recently been pushed back to at least ...