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Republic of Liberia

Note: Legislative elections and the first round of presidential balloting were held October 11, 2011, followed by a presidential runoff election November 8, 2011, in which incumbent Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf was declared the winner.

Political Status: Independent republic established in 1847; under de facto one-party system starting in 1878; martial law imposed on April 25, 1980, following coup of April 12; new constitution approved by national referendum on July 3, 1984 (with full effect from January 6, 1986 [the date of the inauguration of the new president]); constitution effectively voided by rebel action in mid-1990; Interim Government of National Unity (supported militarily by the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group [Ecomog]) sworn in November 22, 1990; State Council of Liberian Transitional National Government ...

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