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Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
al-Mamlakah al-Urduniyah al-Hashimiyah
Political Status: Independent constitutional monarchy established May 25, 1946; present constitution adopted January 8, 1952.
Area: 34,495 sq. mi. (89,206 sq. km.), excluding West Bank territory of 2,270 sq. mi. (5,879 sq. km.).
Population: Both figures exclude Palestinians in the West Bank, over which Jordan abandoned de jure jurisdiction in 1988. 6,491,738 (2012E—UN); 6,508,887 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): AMMAN (2,378,000).
Official Language: Arabic.
Monetary Unit: Dinar (official rate October 3, 2011: 1 dinar = $1.42US).
Sovereign: King ABDULLAH ibn Hussein (King Abdullah II); assumed the throne on February 7, 1999, following the death of King HUSSEIN ibn Talal; coronation ceremony held on June 9, 1999.
Heir to the Throne: Undesignated. Prince HAMZEH ibn Hussein, half-brother of the king, had been designated crown prince on February ...