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Republic of Haiti
Political Status: Independent state proclaimed in 1804; republic established in 1859; military-backed regime installed following coup of September 30, 1991; constitutional government reinstated on November 8, 1994.
Area: 10,714 sq. mi. (27,750 sq. km.).
Population: 10,308,644 (2012E—UN); 9,801,664 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): PORT—AU—PRINCE (1,249,000), Carrefour (446,000), Cap-Haïtien (112,000).
Official Languages: French, Creole.
Monetary Unit: Gourde (market rate October 3, 2011: 40.35 gourdes = $1US).
President: Michel MARTELLY (Repons Peyizan); elected in second-round balloting on March 20, 2011, and sworn in on May 14 for a five-year term in succession to René PRÉVAL (Front for Hope).
Prime Minister: Garry CONILLE; appointed by the president on October 5, 2011, following ratification by the Chamber of Deputies (September 16) and the Senate (October 4) to succeed Jean-Max BELLERIVE following the ...