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Political Status: Independent republic established in 1844; under constitutional regime reestablished July 1, 1966.
Area: 18,816 sq. mi. (48,734 sq. km.).
Population: 10,339,068 (2012E—UN); 10,088,598 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): SANTO DOMINGO (1,922,000), Santiago de los Caballeros (526,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Peso (market rate October 3, 2011: 38.13 pesos = $1US).
President: Leonel Antonio FERNÁNDEZ Reyna (Dominican Liberation Party); served as president 1996–2000; reelected on May 16, 2004, and inaugurated on August 16 for a four-year term, succeeding Rafael Hipólito MEJÍA Domingues (Dominican Revolutionary Party); reelected on May 16, 2008, and inaugurated for a third term on August 16.
Vice President: Rafael ALBUQUERQUE De Castro (Dominican Liberation Party); elected on May 16, 2004, and inaugurated with the president on August 16, for a term concurrent with that of ...