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Republic of Cape Verde
República de Cabo Verde

Political Status: Former Portuguese dependency; became independent July 5, 1975; present constitution adopted September 25, 1992.

Area: 1,557 sq. mi. (4,033 sq. km.).

Population: 512,012 (2012E—UN); 523,568 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): CIDADE DE PRAIA (São Tiago, 129,000), Mindelo (67,000).

Official Language: Portuguese.

Monetary Unit: Cape Verde Escudo (official rate October 3, 2011: 80.65 escudos = $1US). When Portugal adopted the euro as its official currency in 2002, the Cape Verde escudo, which had been pegged to the Portuguese escudo since 1998, was pegged to the euro at the rate of 110.265 Cape Verde escudos = 1 euro.

President: Gen. (Ret.) Pedro Verona Rodrigues PIRES (African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde); elected by popular vote on February 25, 2001, and inaugurated on ...

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