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Republic of Bulgaria
Republika Balgariya

Note: Rosen Plevneliev of the Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (GERB) was elected president of Bulgaria in runoff balloting on October 30, 2011. Plevneliev received 52.6 percent of the vote, defeating Ivailo Kalfin of the Bulgarian Socialist Party, who secured 47.4 percent of the vote. Plevneliev was scheduled to be inaugurated, along with his vice-presidential running mate Margarita Popova (GERB), on January 22, 2012.

Political Status: Communist constitution of May 18, 1971, substantially modified on April 3, 1990; present name adopted November 15, 1990; current democratic constitution adopted July 12, 1991.

Area: 42,823 sq. mi. (110,912 sq. km.).

Population: 7,694,576 (2012E—UN); 7,037,935 (2012E—U.S. Census). More than 900,000 Bulgarians have emigrated since 1989.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): SOFIA (1,194,000), Plovdiv (337,000), Varna (323,000), Bourgas (213,000), Rousse ...

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