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Argentine RepublicRepública Argentina
Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed 1816; under military regimes 1966–1973 and 1976–1983; current constitution adopted August 22, 1994.
Area: 1,068,013 sq. mi. (2,766,889 sq. km), excluding territory claimed in Antarctica and the South Atlantic.
Population: 44,689,000 (2018E—World Bank); 44,694,198 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): BUENOS AIRES (15,334,000), Córdoba (1,519,000), Rosario (1,395,000), Mendoza (1,020,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Argentine Peso (market rate October 19, 2018: 36.27 pesos = $1US).
President: Mauricio MACRI (Republican Proposal); elected in runoff balloting on November 22, 2015, and inaugurated for a four-year term on December 10, 2015, succeeding Cristina FERNÁNDEZ de Kirchner (Justicialist Party-Victory Front).
Vice President: Marta Gabriela MICHETTI (Republican Proposal); elected in runoff voting on November 22, 2015, and inaugurated for a term concurrent with that of the president on December 10, ...