United Nations (UN)

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  • International Organization
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  • Established: By charter signed June 26, 1945, in San Francisco, United States, effective October 24, 1945.

    Purpose: To maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among states based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples; to achieve international cooperation in solving problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character; and to harmonize the actions of states in the attainment of these common ends.

    Headquarters: New York, United States.

    Principal Organs: General Assembly (all members), Security Council (15 members), Economic and Social Council (54 members), Trusteeship Council (5 members), International Court of Justice (15 judges), Secretariat.

    Website: www.un.org.

    Secretary-General: António Guterres (Portugal).

    Membership (193): See Appendix C.

    Official Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish. All are also working languages.

    Origin and development. The idea of ...

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