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Socialist Republic of VietnamCộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam
Political Status: Communist republic originally proclaimed September 2, 1945; Democratic Republic of Vietnam established in the north on July 21, 1954; Republic of Vietnam established in the south on October 26, 1955; Socialist Republic of Vietnam proclaimed on July 2, 1976, following surrender of the southern government on April 30, 1975; present constitution adopted on April 15, 1992.
Area: 128,402 sq. mi. (332,561 sq. km).
Population: 94,579,000 (2018E—World Bank); 97,040,334 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2016E—UN): HANOI (3,790,000), Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon, 7,498,000), Can Tho (1,242,000), Haiphong (1,110,000).
Official Language: Vietnamese.
Monetary Unit: Dông (market rate October 19, 2018: 23,215.60 dông = $1US).
President: NGUYEN PHU TRONG; elected by the National Assembly on October 23, 2018, to succeed DANG ...