- Countries A-Z
Republic of VanuatuRépublique de Vanuatu (French)Ripablik blong Vanuatu (Bislama)
Political Status: Formerly the New Hebrides; became the Anglo-French Condominium of the New Hebrides in 1906; present name adopted upon becoming an independent member of the Commonwealth on July 30, 1980.
Area: 4,647 sq. mi. (12,035 sq. km).
Population: 283,000 (2018E—World Bank); 288,037 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2014E—UN): VILA (Port Vila, 53,000).
Official Languages: English, French, and Bislama. The latter, a pidgin dialect, is recognized constitutionally as the “national language,” and efforts are currently under way to accord it equal status with English and French as a medium of instruction. Vanuatu has the highest density of languages per capita in the world, with an estimated 138 languages, or slightly less than 1 per 2,000 inhabitants.
Monetary Unit: Vatu (official rate October ...