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Oriental Republic of UruguayRepública Oriental del Uruguay
Political Status: Independent state proclaimed in 1825; republic established in 1830; presidential-congressional system reinstated on March 1, 1985, supplanting military-controlled civilian government in power since February 1973.
Area: 68,037 sq. mi. (176,215 sq. km).
Population: 3,470,000 (2018E—World Bank); 3,369,299 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2018E—World Population Review): MONTEVIDEO (1,798,000, urban area).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Uruguayan Peso (market rate October 19, 2018: 32.85 pesos = $1US).
President: Tabaré Ramón VÁZQUEZ Rosas (Progressive Encounter–Broad Front); elected in runoff balloting on November 30, 2014, and inaugurated on March 1, 2015, for a five-year term, succeeding José Alberto MUJICA Cordano (Progressive Encounter–Broad Front); named a new government on March 1, 2015.
Vice President: Lucia TOPOLANSKY (Progressive Encounter–Broad Front); appointed by the president on September 13, 2017, succeeding Raúl ...