Turkey

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Country
  • Countries A-Z

  • Republic of Turkey
    Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

    Political Status: Independent republic established in 1923; parliamentary democracy since 1946, save for military interregna from May 1960 to October 1961 and September 1980 to November 1983; present constitution approved by referendum of November 7, 1982.

    Area: 300,948 sq. mi. (779,452 sq. km).

    Population: 81,917,000 (2018E—World Bank); 81,257,239 (2018E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2015E—World Population Review): ANKARA (3,517,182),İstanbul (14,804,116), İzmir (2,500,603), Bursa (1,402,701), Adana (1,248,988), Gaziantep (1,065,975), Konya (875,530).

    Official Language: Turkish. A 1982 law banning the use of the Kurdish language was rescinded in early 1991.

    Monetary Unit: Turkish Lira (Türk Lirası—TL) (market rate October 19, 2018: 5.60 Turkish New Liras = $1US).

    President of the Republic: Recep Tayyip ERDOĞAN (Justice and Development Party); elected in presidential elections on August 10, 2014, and inaugurated on August 28, ...

    Looks like you do not have access to this content.

    Login

    Don’t know how to login?

    Click here for free trial login.

    • [0-9]
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Y
    • Z

    Back to Top

    Copy and paste the following HTML into your website