Trinidad and Tobago

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  • Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

    Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since August 31, 1962; republican constitution adopted August 1, 1976.

    Area: 1,980 sq. mi. (5,128 sq. km), of which Trinidad encompasses 1,864 sq. mi. (4,828 sq. km) and Tobago 116 sq. mi. (300 sq. km).

    Population: 1,373,000 (2018E—World Bank); 1,216,000 (2018E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Center (2018E—UN): PORT-OF-SPAIN (49,031), CHAGUANAS (67,433).

    Official Language: English. On September 1, 2005, the government announced that Spanish would be adopted as an official language by 2020 to permit Trinidadians to compete more effectively in regional markets.

    Monetary Unit: Trinidadian Dollar (market rate October 19, 2018: 6.69 dollars = $1US).

    President: Paula-Mae WEEKS (ind.); elected unopposed by Parliament to a five-year term on January 19, 2018, and inaugurated on March 18; succeeding Anthony Thomas Aquinas CARMONA ...

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