- Countries A-Z
Kingdom of SpainReino de España
Political Status: Formerly under a system of personal rule instituted in 1936; monarchy reestablished November 22, 1975, in accordance with the Law of Succession of July 26, 1947, as amended in 1969 and 1971; parliamentary monarchy confirmed by constitution effective December 29, 1978.
Area: 194,896 sq. mi. (504,782 sq. km).
Population: 46,476,000 (2018E—World Bank); 49,331,076 (2018E—U.S. Census). (Includes the Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla.)
Major Urban Areas (2018E—World Population Review): MADRID (6,500,000), Barcelona (5,430,000), Valencia (898,000), Seville (761,000), Zaragoza (772,000), Málaga (601,000), Murcia (470,000).
Official Languages: Spanish and regional languages (principally Basque, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian).
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 19, 2018: 0.87 euro = $1US).
Monarch: FELIPE VI de Borbón y Grecia; enthroned as king on June 19, 2014, following the abdication of his ...