- Countries A-Z
Republic of SingaporeXinjiapo Gongheguo (Chinese)Republik Singapura (Malay)Singapur Kutiyarasu (Tamil)
Political Status: Attained self-rule within the British Commonwealth June 3, 1959; joined in formation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963; independent republic since August 9, 1965.
Area: 246 sq. mi. (636 sq. km), including adjacent islets that encompass some 15 sq. mi. (39 sq. km).
Population: 5,762,000 (2018E—UN); 5,995,991 (2018E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2016E—UN): SINGAPORE (5,717,000).
Official Languages: Chinese (Mandarin is the preferred form), English, Malay, Tamil.
Monetary Unit: Singapore Dollar (market rate October 19, 2018: 1.38 dollars = $1US).
President: HALIMAH binti Yacob (nonparty, formerly People’s Action Party); declared president-elect on September 13, 2017; inaugurated on September 14 for a six-year term; succeeding Tony TAN Keng Yam (nonparty).
Prime Minister: LEE Hsien Loong (People’s Action Party); sworn in on August 12, 2004, ...