Saudi Arabia

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  • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah al-Saudiyah

    Political Status: Unified kingdom established September 23, 1932; under absolute monarchical system; Basic Law of Government based on Islamic law promulgated by royal decree on March 1, 1992.

    Area: 829,995 sq. mi. (2,149,690 sq. km).

    Population: 33,554,000 (2018E—World Bank); 28,985,905 (2018E—U.S. Census). Foreign nationals constitute approximately one quarter of both figures.

    Major Urban Centers (2018E—World Population Review): RIYADH (royal capital, 4,205,961), Jiddah (administrative capital, 2,867,446), Makkah (Mecca, 1,323,624), Medina (1,300,000), Sultanah (946,697), Damman (768,602).

    Official Language: Arabic.

    Monetary Unit: Riyal (market rate October 19, 2018: 3.75 riyals = $1US).

    Ruler and Prime Minister: King Salman ibn Abd al-Aziz Al SAUD; confirmed on January 23, 2015, by the royal court upon the death of King Abdallah ibn Abd al-Aziz Al SAUD.

    Heir Apparent: Crown Prince Mohammad ibn Salman ...

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