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Independent State of SamoaSa ‘oloto Tuto ‘atasi o Samoa
Note: There is considerable confusion regarding Samoan proper names, the initial component being generally accorded benchmark status and, with some exceptions, utilized herein as such.
Political Status: Gained independence (as Western Samoa) on January 1, 1962; member of the Commonwealth since 1970; current name adopted in 1997; under mixed political system approximating a constitutional monarchy.
Area: 1,089 sq. mi. (2,821 sq. km).
Population: 196,000 (2018 World Bank); 201,316 (2018—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2018—World Population Review): APIA (38,000).
Official Languages: English, Samoan.
Monetary Unit: Tala (market rate October 19, 2018: 2.66 tala = $1US).
Head of State: Afioga Tuimalealiifano Va’aletoa SUALAUVI II; elected by the Legislative Assembly and installed for a five-year term on July 21, 2017, succeeding Tui Atua TUPUA Tamasese Taisi Efi.