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  • Russian Federation/Russia
    Rossiiskaya Federatsiya/Rossiya

    Political Status: Formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); present official designations adopted on April 17, 1992; current constitution approved by referendum of December 12, 1993.

    Area: 6,592,800 sq. mi. (17,075,400 sq. km).

    Population: 144,064,000 (2018E—World Bank); 142,122,776 (2018E—U.S. Census).

    Major Urban Centers (2018E—World Population Review: MOSCOW (10,381,222), St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad, 5,028,000), Novosibirsk (1,419,007), Yekaterinburg (formerly Sverdlovsk, 1,349,772), Nizhny Novgorod (formerly Gorky, 1,284,164), Samara (formerly Kuibyshev, 1,134,730), Omsk (1,129,281), Kazan (1,104,738), Rostov-na-Donu (1,074,482), Chelyabinsk (1,062,919), Ufa (1,033,335), Volgograd (1,011,417), (1,020,000), Perm (982,419), Krasnoyarsk (927,200).

    Official Languages: Russian, in addition to languages recognized by the constituent republics and autonomous areas.

    Monetary Unit: Ruble (official rate October 19, 2018: 65.63 rubles = $1US).

    President: Vladimir PUTIN (United Russia); ...

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